In my April 21, 2014 post, Bertrand’s Random Chord Paradox 1 (http://www.scratch-blog.com/2014/04/bertrands-random-chord-paradox-1.html) I presented the first of three methods for randomly selecting a chord in a circle with an inscribed equilateral triangle and then using the Monte Carlo method (coded in Scratch) to experimentally determine the probability that a randomly selected chord is longer than the side of the inscribed triangle. For the random points on the circumference method discussed in the post, the probability is one-third (1/3).
The paradox arises from the fact that two other equally valid methods for picking the chord each give a probability different from one-third.
In my Scratch project Bertrand’s Random Chord Paradox 2 (http://scratch.mit.edu/projects/20392511/)
the Monte Carlo method correctly approximates the probability that a randomly selected chord, using the random radius method, is one-half.
In my Scratch project Bertrand’s Random Chord Paradox 3
using the random midpoint method, the probability is found to be one-fourth!
The theoretical derivations for the three methods are presented in a three free, PDF files that can be obtained by sending an email request to email@example.com.